East Hammar Marshes located entirely within the province of Basra and bounded from east to northeast with Shatt al-Arab, Euphrates River from north, and West Hammar from north-west side, While Zubair plateau from the south to southwest. The total area of these component 33.062 hectares, including the buffer zone.
17 families ,33 species of plants, and 110 species of birds have been recorded in the this region, including Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) Slender-billed Gull (Larus genei) Common gull (LARUS canus) and Little Tern (Sterna albifrons) and Greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga); and the latter is the most common type.
The Global Species Swan Dalmatian (Pelecanus crispus) and Greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga) Marbled Teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris) and ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca) Black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) and Basra Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus griseldis) also found birds blather Iraq (Turdoides altirostris ), there are more than 12 species of marine fish that entered the East Hammar across the tidal currents. Moreover, the Euphrates Soft shell Turtle (Rafetus euphratica), which is a common species in the marshes even though it is considered globally threatened.