The central marshes component extends to covers mostly Dhi Qar province, with a slightly extend toward the province of Missan , and located between the Euphrates River to the south and Glory river to the east. According to the name, the central marshes located in the center of the marsh area with a total area of 146,393 hectares, hosts 28 plant families and 65 species.
It announced as national park in 2013. Also represent as breed area to nearly 147 species of bird, and host more than 1% of the global Census of many species of birds, including great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus), and Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) and the Caspian Sea gull (Larus cachinnans).
There are nine other species of birds that have a global position ranging from endangered to near threatened or on the verge of extinction according to the Red List of the IUCN, including Swan Dalmatian (Pelecanus crispus) Great Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) imperial eagle east (Aquila heliaca) and Marbled Teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris) and ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca) and the duck with a white head (Oxyura leucocephala) and Black-tailed godwit (limosa limosa) and Basra Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus griseldis which is rich in mammals include registered fish species in the central marshes Binni (Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi) and Alhbottiyat brown Barbus grypus Aalnoaan which specie was rated are both as an endangered species at the regional level of the marshes. this component represents important environment to the Euphrates Soft shell Turtle (Rafetus euphraticus).
Which globally threatened?